Sistemas Forestales Mediterráneos (SIFOMed)

The SIFOMed  group aims to study the dynamics and function of Mediterranean forest systems, with a special focus on their response to different Global Change drivers (mainly climate change and invasive species). We conduct basic and applied research in plant community and ecosystem ecology, with relevant implications for the restoration and conservation of disturbed forests and woodlands. In general, our studies link the aboveground and belowground sub-systems anaysing the direct and indirect interactions among plants, animals and microbes.

Specific objectives:

  1. Analysis of problems of regeneration and decline of Mediterranean woody species, identifying the main abiotic and biotic causal factors under different scenarios of Global Change. We are particularly interested in predicting the impacts of the different Global Change drivers (climate change, exotic species) on biotic interactions (plant-plant, plant-animal, and plant-microbe), as well as the on the viability and persistence of the populations of tree species with key economic and ecological relevance (e.g. Quercus suber, Olea europaea).
  2. Understanding the role of mutualistic and antagonistic interactions between plants and soil organisms as determinants of forest dynamics. Particularly, our research focuses on the functional role of ecto- and endo-mycorrhizal fungi and of exotic root pathogens (Phytophthora and Pythium spp.) as determinants of the growth and survival of Mediterranean tree species of key economic and ecological relevance (e.g. Quercus and Olea spp.).
  3. Quantification of the diversity, structure and function of soil microorganisms in forests and agroforestry systems under different disturbance regimes. We use a multidisciplinary approach that includes techniques of morphological identification, molecular analyses (T-RFLP, Terminal Restriction Fragment Length Polymorphism), biochemical methods (PLFAs, Phospholipid Fatty Acid analysis; enzymatic activities) and physiological methods (MicroResp system).
  4. Study of the biogeochemical cycles of C, N, P, S and other elements in Mediterranean forest systems. In particular, we analyse the role played by different woody species in these cycles, and the potential implications for ecosystem function of changes in the composition and/or abundance of these species due to global change. Our toolkit for the study of biogeochemical cycles includes elemental analyses and determination of the abundance (natural or induced) of stable isotopes in the different compartments of the plant-soil system.
  5. Application of research results to the conservation and restoration of Mediterranean forests and agroforestry systems. For this, we use advanced techniques of spatially-explicit modeling and simulations of the impacts of different global change and management scenarios on the abundance and performance of Mediterranean tree species.



Lorena Gómez-Aparicio
(group leader)
 Luis Ventura García   
Patricia Siljeström Ribed
 Ignacio Pérez-Ramos
Postdoctoral Researcher Ramón y Cajal
 María Serrano Moral   Postdoctoral Researcher
Marie Curie
Jose Manuel Ávila Castuera
PhD student
     Pablo Homet
Mª Dolores Hidalgo Gálvez
PhD student
Jara Domínguez Begines
PhD student
Pablo Homet Gutiérrez
PhD student
   JC (2)  
Adela Moreno López
Juan Santiago Cara García
Eduardo Gutiérrez González


Main projects 

Epigenetics and adaptive evolution of herbaceous species coping with climate change in Andalusian dehesa systems (EPIGEHESA). 2017-2018. Fundación Biodiversidad.  PI: Ignacio M. Pérez Ramos (IRNAS, CSIC).

Las dehesas frente al cambio global: una aproximación multi-funcional (DECAFUN; CGL2015-70123-R). 2016-2018. Programa Estatal de I+D+i Orientado a los Retos de la Sociedad (Ministerio de Economía y Competitividad ). PI: Ignacio M. Pérez Ramos (IRNAS, CSIC).

INductores de REsistencia para frenar la destrucción de ecosistemas amenazados por PAtógenos eXoticos: el caso del alcornocal centenario de Donana (INREPAX). 2016-2018. Fundación BBVA. PI: María Esperanza Sánchez Hernández (UCO) and Luis Ventura García y Lorena Gómez-Aparicio (IRNAS-CSIC).

Drought adaptations in cork oak trees in a changing world (DRACO). 2015-2017. British Ecological Society (5603-6647). PI: Dr. Luis Matías (IRNAS-CSIC).

Maintenance of species diversity and the stability of ecosystem functioning (BioFUNC). 2016-2018. 66118-BioFUNC-H2020-MSCA-IF-2014, EU VII Framework Programme. PI: Dr. Oscar Godoy del Olmo (IRNAS-CSIC).

Linking Network structure and species CoeXistence (LiNCX). 2015-2017. CGL2014-61590-EXP. Explora Ciencia 2014 (MINECO). PI: Ignasi Bartomeus (EBD-CSIC) and Dr. Oscar Godoy del Olmo (IRNAS-CSIC).

INTERactive effects of climate ChAnge and exotic PAthogens on biotic communities of mixed Mediterranean forests (INTERCAPA) 2015-2018. CGL2014-56739-R. MICINN. PI: Dra. Lorena Gómez Aparicio (IRNAS-CSIC).

Competitive hierarchies and the maintenance of species diversity. 2014-2015. Spanish Association of Terrestrial Ecology. PI: Dr. Oscar Godoy del Olmo (IRNAS-CSIC).

Spatial patterns of effective seed dispersal in two Quercus species: an approach using neighborhood models. 2013-2014. Spanish Association of Terrestrial Ecology. PI: Dr. Ignacio M. Pérez-Ramos (IRNAS-CSIC).

The role of plant soil feedbacks in the community dynamics of declining Quercus forests (RETROBOS). 2012-2014. CGL2011-26877. MICINN. PI: Dra. Lorena Gómez Aparicio (IRNAS-CSIC).

Global change, altitudinal migration and colonization of degraded habitats in Mediterranean mountains (MIGRAME). 2011-2014. Proyecto de Excelencia RNM 6734. Junta de Andalucía. PI: Dr. Regino Zamora Rodríguez (University of Granada).

Biogeochemical alterations by wading birds in Mediterranean terrestrial ecosystems (BIOGEOBIRD). 2011-2014. Proyecto de Excelencia RNM-4987. Junta de Andalucía. PI: Dr. Luis V. García Fernández (IRNAS-CSIC).

Niche and neutral controls over coexistence in a serpentine annual community. 2010-2013. National Science Foundation. Ecology Panel Award 0743365. PI: Jonathan M. Levine (University of California-Santa Barbara).

Evaluation of the system of temporal ponds in the Doñana National Park: application to the maganement and conservation of aquatic habitats. 2010-2013. Ref. 158/2010. Organismo Autónomo Parques Nacionales. PI: Dra. Carmen Díaz Paniagua (EBD-CSIC).

Combining bottom-up and top-down analyses to test fundamental concepts in invasion biology. 2010-2012. Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG). IP: Dr. Jonathan Jeschke (Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich).

Spanish woodlands and global change: threats and opportunities (MONTES). CONSOLIDER project. CSD2008-00040. MICINN. 2009-2014. PI: Dr. Javier Retana  Alumbreros (CREAF).

The decline of Quercus suber in the Doñana National Park: an experimental approach (DECALDO). 2009-2013. Ref. 091/2009. Organismo Autónomo Parques Nacionales. IP: Dr. Luis V. García Fernández (IRNAS-CSIC).

Ecological interactions and global change in Mediterranean forests. Subproject 1. Tree-soil interactions and forest function: a spatially-explicit approach using neighborhood models. 2009-2012. CGL2008-04503-C03-01/BOS. MICINN. PI: Dr. Teodoro Marañón Arana (IRNAS-CSIC).

Sustainable forest managament of Mediterranean forests in a global change scenario: research, application and transference. 2007-2010. Proyecto de Excelencia RNM- 1890. Junta de Andalucía. PI: Dr. Regino Zamora Rodríguez (University of Granada).

De la Riva, E.G.; Marañón, T.; Pérez-Ramos, I. M.; Navarro-Fernández, C. M.; Olmo, M. & Villar, R. Root traits across environmental gradients in Mediterranean woody communities: are they aligned along a single acquisition-conservation axis? Plant and Soil. DOI 10.1007/s11104-017-3433-4.

De la Riva, E.G.; Villar, R.; Pérez-Ramos, I. M.; Quero, J. L.; Matías, L.; Poorter, L. & Marañón, T.  Relationships between leaf mass per area and nutrient traits in 98 Mediterranean woody species are determined by phylogeny, habitat and leaf life-span. Trees – Structure and Function. DOI: 10.1007/s00468-017-1646-z.

Godoy, O.; Stouffer, D.B.; Kraft, N.J.B. & Levine, J.M. Intransitivity is infrequent and fails to promote annual plant coexistence without pairwise niche differences. Ecology. DOI: 10.1002/ecy.1782.

Jiménez-Chacón, A., P. Homet, L. Matías, L. Gómez-Aparicio & O. Godoy. Fine scale determinants of soil litter fauna on a Mediterranean mixed oak forest invaded by the exotic soil-borne pathogen Phytophthora cinnamomi.

Matías, L.; Linares, J.C.; Sánchez-Miranda, A. & Jump, A.S. Contrasting growth forecasts across the geographical range of Scots pine due altitudinal and latitudinal differences in climatic sensitivity. Global Change Biology. DOI:10.1111/gcb.13627.

Saavedra, S.; Rohr, R.; Bascompte, J.; Godoy, O.; Kraft, N.J.B. & Levine, J.M. A structural approach for understanding multispecies coexistence.  Ecological Monographs.

Avila, J.M., Gallardo, A. & Gómez-Aparicio, L. Pathogen-induced tree mortality interacts with predicted climate change to alter soil respiration and nutrient availability in Mediterranean systems. Biogeochemistry, DOI: 10.1007/s10533-018-0521-3

Braga, R.R., L. Gómez-Aparicio, T. Heger, J.R.S. Vitule & J.M. Jeschke. Structuring evidence for invasional meltdown: broad support but with biases and gaps. Biological Invasions 20: 923-936.

Matías, L., O. Godoy, L. Gómez-Aparicio & I.M. Pérez-Ramos. An experimental extreme drought reduces the likelihood of species to coexist despite increasing intransitivity in competitive networks. Journal of Ecology 106: 826-837.

Rutten, G. & Gómez-Aparicio, L. Plant-soil feedbacks and root responses of two Mediterranean oaks along a precipitation gradient. Plant and Soil 424: 221-231.

Ávila, J.M.;  Linares, J.C.; García-Nogales, A.; Sánchez, M.E. & Gómez-Aparicio, L. Across-scale patterning of plant-soil-pathogen interactions in Quercus suber decline. European Journal of Forest Research 136: 677-688.

Caballero, M.C.M; Pérez-Ramos, I.M.; Matías, L. & Serrano, M.S. Simulation of the potential infectivity range of Phytophthora cinnamomi under climate change. Phytopathologia Mediterranea56: 372-373.

Domínguez, M.T.; Gutiérrez, E.; González-Domínguez, B.; Román, M.; Ávila, J.M.; Ramo, C.; Gonzalez, J.M. & García, L.V. Impacts of protected colonial birds on soil microbial communities: When protection leads to degradation. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 105: 59–70.

De la Riva, E.G.; Lloret, F.; Pérez-Ramos, I.M.; Marañón, T.; Saura-Mas, S.; Díaz-Delgado, R. & Villar, R. The importance of functional diversity in the stability of Mediterranean shrubland communities after the impact of extreme climatic events. Journal of Plant Ecology.

De la Riva, E.G.; Violle, C.; Pérez-Ramos, I.M.; Marañón, T.; Navarro-Fernández, C.M.; Olmo, M. & Villar, R. A multidimensional functional trait approach reveals the imprint of environmental stress in Mediterranean woody communities. Ecosystems.

Fedriani, J.M.; García, L.V.; Sanchéz, M.E.; Calderón, J. & Ramo, C. Long-term impact of protected colonial birds on a jeopardized cork oak population: conservation bias leads to restoration failure. Journal of Applied Ecology, 54: 450-458.

Gómez-Aparicio, L.Domínguez-Begines, J; Kardol, P.; Ávila, J.M.Ibáñez, B. & García, L.V. Plant-soil feedbacks in declining forests: implications for species coexistence. Ecology 98: 1908-1921.

Ibáñez, B.Gómez-Aparicio, L.Ávila, J.M. ; Pérez-Ramos, I.M. & Marañón, T. Effects of Quercus suber decline on woody plant regeneration: potential implications for successional dynamics in Mediterranean forests. Ecosystems 20: 630-644.

Martín, J.; Gutiérrez, E. & García, L.V. Alteration effects of ornamental whitewashing of rocks on the soil properties and body condition of fossorial amphisbaenians that live under them. Herpetological Conservation Biology 12: 367-372.

Matías, L.; Castro, J.; Villar-Salvador, P.; Quero, J.L. & Jump, A.S. Differential impact of hotter drought on seedling performance of five ecologically distinct pine species. Plant Ecology 218: 201-212.

Moreira, X.; Pérez-Ramos, I.M.; Abdala-Roberts, L. &, Mooney, K.A. Functional responses of contrasting seed predator guilds to masting in two Mediterranean oak species. Oikos 126: 1042–1050.

Pérez-Ramos, I. M.; Díaz-Delgado, R.; de la Riva, E.G.; Villar, R.; Lloret, F. & Marañón, T. Climate variability and community stability in Mediterranean shrublands: the role of functional diversity and soil environment. Journal of Ecology. DOI: 10.1111/1365-2745.12747.

Pérez-Ramos, I.M.; García-De la Cruz, Y. & Gómez-Aparicio, L. Contrasting responses of insects and vertebrates as seed consumers of two neotropical oak species: the interactive effects of individual crop size and seed mass. Forest Ecology and Management 401: 99-106.

Rueda M.; Godoy, O. & Hawkins, B.A. Spatial and evolutionary parallelism between shade and drought tolerance explains the distributions of conifers in the conterminous United States. Global Ecology and Biogeography. 26: 31-42.

Ruíz-Benito, P.; Ratcliffe, S.; Jump, A.S.; Gómez-Aparicio, L.; Madrigal-González, J.; Wirth, C.; Kändler, G.; Lehtonen, A.; Dahlgren, J.; Kattge, J. & Zavala, M.A. Functional diversity underlies demographic responses to environmental variation across European forests. Global Ecology and Biogeography 26: 128-141.

Ávila, J.M.; Gallardo, A; Ibáñez, B. & Gómez-Aparicio, L. Quercus suber dieback alters soil respiration and nutrient availability in Mediterranean forests. Journal of Ecology 104: 1441-1452

De la Riva, E.G.; Pérez-Ramos, I.M.; Tosto, A.; Navarro-Fernández, C.M.; Olmo, M.; Marañón, T. & Villar, R. Disentangling the relative importance of species occurrence, abundance and intraspecific variability in community assembly: a trait-based approach at the whole-plant level in Mediterranean forests. Oikos 125: 354–363.

De la Riva, E. G.; Tosto, A.; Pérez-Ramos, I.M.; Navarro-Fernández, C.M.; Olmo, M.; Anten, N.P.R.; Marañón, T. & Villar, R. A plant economics spectrum in Mediterranean forests along environmental gradients: is there coordination among leaf, stem and root traits?. Journal of Vegetation Science 27: 187–199.

De la Riva, E.G.; Lloret, F.; Pérez-Ramos, I.M.; Marañón, T.; Saura-Mas, S.; Díaz-Delgado, R. & Villar, R. The importance of functional diversity in the stability of Mediterranean shrubland communities after the impact of extreme climatic events. Journal of Plan Ecology, March 2016: 1-13 .

Koenig, W.D.; Alejano, R.; Carbonero, M.D.; Fernández-Rebollo, P.; Knops, J.M.H.; Marañón, T.; Padilla-Díaz, C.M.; Pearse, I.S.; Pérez-Ramos, I.M.; Vázquez-Piqué, J. & Pesendorfer, M.B. Is the relationship between mast-seeding and weather in oaks related to their life-history or phylogeny? Ecology 97: 2603-2615.

Lloret, F.; De la Riva, E.G.; Pérez-Ramos, I.M.; Marañón, T.; Saura-Mas, S.; Díaz-Delgado, R. & Villar, R. Climatic events inducing die-off in Mediterranean shrublands: are species’ responses related to their functional traits? Oecologia 180: 961–973.

Matías, L.; González-Díaz, P.; Quero, J.L.; Camarero, J.J.; Lloret, F. & Jump, A.S. Role of geographical provenance on the response of silver fir seedlings to experimental warming and drought. Tree Physiology 36: 1236-1246.

Navarro-Fernández, C.M.; Pérez-Ramos, I.M.; de la Riva, E.G.; Vera, J.R.; Roumet, C.; Villar, R. & Marañón, T. Functional responses of Mediterranean plant communities to soil resource heterogeneity: a mycorrhizal trait-based approach. Journal of Vegetation Science 27: 1243-1253.

Domínguez, M.T.; Pérez-Ramos, I.M.; Murillo, J.M. & Marañón, T. Facilitating the afforestation of Mediterranean  polluted soils by nurse shrubs. Journal of Environmental Management 161: 276-286.

Godoy, O.; Rueda, M. & Hawkins, B.A. Functional determinants of forest recruitment over broad scales. Global Ecology & Biogeography 24: 192-202.

Ibáñez, B.; Gómez-Aparicio, L.; Ávila, J.M.; Pérez-Ramos, I.M.; García, L.V. & Marañón, T. Impact of tree decline on spatial patterns of seedling-mycorrhiza interactions: implications for regeneration dynamics in Mediterranean forests. Forest Ecology and Management 353: 1–9.

Ibáñez, B.; Gómez-Aparicio, L.; Stoll, P.; Ávila, J.M.; Pérez-Ramos, I.M. & Marañón, T. A neighborhood analysis of the consequences of Quercus suber decline for regeneration dynamics in Mediterranean forests. PLOS One. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0117827.

Kraft, N.J.B; Godoy, O. & Levine, J.M. Plant functional traits and the multidimensional nature of species coexistence. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA. doi:10.1073/pnas.1413650112.

Martín, J.; García-Roa, R.; Ortega, J.; Pérez-Cembranos, A.; García, L.V. & Pérez-Mellado, V. Occurrence and ecological aspects of the two-fingered skink Chalcides mauritanicus at the Chafarinas Islands in North Africa. African Journal of Herpetology 64: 67-79.

Martín, J.; López, P.; Gutiérrez, E. García, L.V. Natural and anthropogenic alterations of the soil affect body condition of the fossorial amphisbaenian Trogonophis wiegamnni in North Africa. Journal of Arid Environment 122: 30-36.

Matías, L. & Jump, A.S. Asymmetric changes of growth and reproductive investment herald altitudinal and latitudinal range shifts of two woody species. Global Change Biology 21: 882-896.

Matías, L.; Zamora, R. & Castro, J. Effects of the variation on the precipitation regime over the regeneration of Mediterranean mountain forests. In: Herrero A, Zavala MA, editors. Forests and Biodiversity under climate change: Impacts, Vulnerability and Adaptation in Spain. Pages 215-224. MAGRAMA, Madrid, Spain.

Pérez-Ramos, I.M.; Padilla-Díaz, C.M.; Koenig, W.D. & Marañón, T.  Environmental drivers of mast-seeding in Mediterranean oak species: does leaf habit matter? Journal of Ecology 103: 691–700.

Siefert, A.; Pérez-Ramos, I.M.; Wardle, D.A. et al. A global meta-analysis of the relative extent of intraspecific trait variation in plant communities. Ecology Letters 18: 1406-1419.

Anthelme, F.; Gómez-Aparicio, L. & Montúfar, R. Nurse-based restoration of degraded tropical forests with tussock grasses: experimental support from the Andean cloud forest. Journal of Applied Ecology 51: 1534-1543.

Aponte, C.; MatíasL.; Gónzalez-Rodríguez, V; Castro, J.; GarcíaL.V.; Villar, R. & Marañón, T. Soil nutrients and microbial biomass in three contrasting Mediterranean forests. Plant and Soil 380: 57-72.

Benito, B. M.; Lorite, J.; Pérez-Pérez, R.; Gómez-Aparicio, L. & Peñas, J. Forecasting plant range collapse in a Mediterranean hotspot: when dispersal uncertainties matter. Diversity & Distributions 20: 72-83.

Birouste, M.; Zamora-Ledezma, E.; Bossard, C.; Pérez-Ramos, I.M. & Roumet, C. Measurement of fine root tissue density: a comparison of three methods reveals the potential of root dry matter content. Plant and Soil 374: 299–313.

Castro-Díez, P.; Godoy, O; Alonso, A.; Saldaña, A. & Gallardo, A. What explains variation in the impacts of exotic plant invasions on the nitrogen cycle? A meta-analysis. Ecology Letters 17: 1-12.

Florencio, M.; Serrano, L., Siljeström, P.A.; Fernández-Zamudio, R.; García-Murillo, P. & Díaz-Paniagua C. The influence of geomorphology on the composition of aquatic flora and fauna within a temporary pond network. Limnetica 33:  327-340.

Godoy, O. & Levine, J.M. Phenology effects on invasion success: insights from coupling field experiments to coexistence theory. Ecology 95: 726-736.

Godoy, O.; Kraft, N.J.B. & Levine, J.M. Phylogeny relatedness and the determinants of competitive outcomes.  Ecology Letters 17: 836-844. Selected as a “very good” by the Faculty of 1000.

Gómez-Aparicio, L. & Lortie, C.J. Advancing plant ecology through meta-analysis. Journal of Ecology 102: 823-827.

González-Muñoz, N.; Castro-Díez, P. &  Godoy, OLack of superiority of invasive over co-occuring native riparian tree seedling species. Biological Invasions 16: 269-281.

Ibáñez, B.; Ibáñez, I; Gómez-AparicioL.; Ruíz-Benito, P.; García, L.V. & Marañón, T. Contrasting effects of climate change along life stages of a dominant tree species: the unexpected role of soils. Diversity & Distributions 20: 872-883.

Kraft, N.J.B.; Adler, P.B; Godoy, O. & Levine, J.M. Community assembly, coexistence, and the habitat filtering metaphor. Functional Ecology 29: 592-599.

Matías, L.; González-Díaz, P. & Jump, A.S. Larger investment in roots in southern range-edge populations of Scots pine is associated with increased growth and seedling resistance to extreme drought in response to simulated climate change. Environmental & Experimental Botany 105: 32-38.

Matías, L. & Jump, A.S. Impacts of predicted climate change on recruitment at the geographical limits of Scots pine. Journal of Experimental Botany 65: 299-310.

Pérez-Ramos, I.M.; Aponte, C.; GarcíaL.V.;  Padilla-Díaz, C.M. & Marañón, T. Why is seed production so variable among individuals? A ten-year study with oaks reveals the importance of soil environment. PLoS ONE 9: e115371.

Ruíz-Benito, P.; Gómez-AparicioL.; Paquette, A.; Messier, C.; Kattge, J. & Zavala, M.A. . Diversity increases carbon storage and tree productivity in Spanish forests. Global Ecology and Biogeography 23: 311-322.

Vizcaíno-Palomar, N.; Gómez-AparicioL.; Pavón-García, J.; Bartolomé, C.; Álvarez, J. & Zavala, M.A. Main biotic drivers of tree growth in a developing Juniperus thurifera stand in Central Spain. European Journal of Forest Research 133: 1109-1119.

Zamora, R. & Matías, LSeed dispersers, seeds predators and herbivores act synergistically as habitat shapers in Mediterranean mountains.  PLoS ONE 9: e107385.

Aponte, C.; García, L.V. & Marañón, T. Tree species-specific effects on nutrient cycling and soil biota: a feedback mechanism favouring species. Forest Ecology and Management 309: 36-46.

De Vita, P.; Serrano, M.;  Ramo, C.;  Aponte, C.; García, L.V.; Belbahri, L. & Sánchez, M.E. First report of root rot caused byPythium spiculum affecting cork oaks at Doñana Biological Reserve (Spain). Plant Disease 97: 991.

Godoy, O. & Gianoli, E. Functional variation of leaf succulence in a cold rainforest epiphyte. Plant Ecology and Evolution146: 167-172.

Martín, J.; López, P. & García, L.V. Soil characteristics determine microhabitat selection of the fossorial amphisbaenian Trogonophis wiegmann. Journal of Zoology 290: 265-272.

Pérez-Ramos, I.M.; Rodríguez-Calcerrada, J.; Ourcival, J.M. & Rambal, S. Quercus ilex recruitment in a drier world: A multi-stage demographic approach. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 15: 106-117.

Pérez-Ramos, I.M.; Verdú, J.R.; Numa, C.; Marañón, T. & Lobo, J.M. The comparative effectiveness of rodents and dung beetles as local seed dispersers in Mediterranean oak forests. PLoS One 8: e77197.

Pérez-Ramos, I.M.; Roumet, C.; Volaire, F.; Fathet, M. & Blanchard, A. Tradeoffs between functional strategies for resource-use and drought-survival in Mediterranean rangeland species. Environmental and Experimental Botany 87: 126-136.

Ruíz-Benito, P.; Lines, E.; Gómez-Aparicio, L.; Coomes, D. & Zavala, M.A. Patterns and drivers of the mortality in Iberian forests: climatic effects are modified by competition. PLOS One, e56843.

Aponte, C.; García, L.V. & Marañón, T. Tree species effect on litter decomposition and nutrient release in Mediterranean oak forests changes over time. Ecosystems 15: 1204–1218.

Domínguez, M.T.; Aponte, C.; Pérez-RamosI.M.; García, I.M.; Villar, R. & Marañón, T. Relationships between leaf morphological traits, nutrient concentration and isotopic signatures for Mediterreanean woody plant species and communities. Plant and Soil 357: 407-424.

Gómez-Aparicio, L.; Ibáñez, B.; Serrano, M.S.; De Vita, P.; Ávila, J.M.; Pérez-Ramos, I.M.; García, L.V.; Sánchez, M.E. & Marañón, T. Spatial patterns of soil pathogens in declining Mediterranean forests: implications for tree species regeneration. New Phytologist 194: 1014–1024.

Godoy, O.; Valladares, F. & Castro-Díez, P. The relative importance for plant invasiveness of trait means, and their plasticity and integration in a multivariate framework. New Phytologist 195: 912-922.

Holmgren, M.; Gómez-Aparicio, L.; Quero, J.L. & Valladares, F. Non-linear effects of drought under shade: reconciling physiological and ecological models in plant communities. Oecologia 169: 293-305.

Jeschke, J.M.; Gómez-Aparicio, L.; Haider, S.; Heger, T.; Lortie, C.J.; Petrusek, A.; Pyšek, P. & Strayer, D.L.  Taxonomic bias and lack of cross-taxonomic studies in invasion biology. Frontiers in Ecology and Environment 10: 349-350.

Limousin, J.M.; Rambal, S.; Ourcival, J.M.; Rodríguez-Calcerrada, J.; Pérez-Ramos, I.M.; Rodríguez-Cortina, R.; Misson, L. & Joffre, R. Morphological and phenological shoot plasticity in a Mediterranean evergreen oak facing long-term increased drought. Oecologia 169: 565-577.

Matías, L. & Jump, A.S. Interactions between growth, demography and biotic interactions in determining species range limits in a warming world: the case of Pinus sylvestris. Forest Ecology and Management 282: 10-22.

Matías, L.; Quero, J.L.; Zamora, R. & Castro, J. Evidence for plant traits driving specific drought resistance. A community field experiment. Environmental & Experimental Botany 81: 55-61.

Matías, L.; Zamora, R. & Castro, J. Sporadic rainy events are more critical than increasing of drought intensity for woody species recruitment in a Mediterranean community. Oecologia 169: 833-844.

Matías, L.; Castro, J. & Zamora, R. Effect of simulated climate change on soil respiration in a Mediterranean-type ecosystem: rainfall and habitat type are more important than temperature or the soil carbon pool. Ecosystems 15: 299-310.

Pérez-Ramos, I.M.; Roumet, C.; Cruz, P.; Blanchard, A.; Autran, P. & Garnier, E. Evidence for a “plant community economics spectrum” driven by nutrient and water limitations in a Mediterranean rangeland of southern France. Journal of Ecology 100: 1315-1327.

Pérez-Ramos, I.M.; Urbieta, T.I.; Zavala, M.A. & Marañón, T. Ontogenetic conflicts and rank reversals in two Mediterranean oak species: implications for coexistence. Journal of Ecology 100: 267-277.

Pérez-Ramos, I.M. & T. Marañón. Community-level seedling dynamics in Mediterranean forests: uncoupling between the canopy and the seedling layers. Journal of Vegetation Science 23: 526-540.

Verdú, M.; Gómez-Aparicio, L. & Valiente-Banuet, A. Phylogenetic relatedness as a tool in restoration ecology: A meta-analysis. Proceedings of the Royal Society Series B 279: 1761-1767.

Aponte, C.; García, L.V.; Pérez-Ramos, I.M.; Gutiérrez, E. & Marañón, T. Oak trees and soil interactions in Mediterranean forests: a positive feedback model. Journal of Vegetation Science 22: 856–867.

Castro-Díez, P.; Godoy, O.; Saldaña, A. & Richardson, D.M.. Predicting invasiveness of Australian Acacia species on the basis of their native climatic affinities, life-history traits and human use. Diversity and Distributions 17: 934-945.

De Vita, P.; Serrano, M.S.; Belbahri, L.; García, L.V.; Trapero, A. & Sánchez, M.E. Germination of hyphal bodies of Pythium spiculum isolated from declining cork oaks at Donana National Park (Spain). Phytopathologia Mediterranea 50: 478-481.

García, L.V.; Ramo, C; Aponte, C.; Moreno, A.; Domínguez, M.T.; Gómez-Aparicio, L.; Redondo, R. & Marañón, T. Protected wading bird species threaten relict centennial cork oaks in a Mediterranean Biosphere Reserve: a conservation management conflict. Biological Conservation 144: 764-771.

Gómez-Aparicio, L.; García-Valdés, R.; Ruíz-Benito, P. & Zavala, M.A. Disentangling the relative importance of climate, size and competition on tree growth in Iberian forests: implications for forest management under global change. Global Change Biology 17: 2400-2414.

Godoy, O.; Lemos-Filho, J.P. & Valladares, F. Invasive species under water stress can handle higher leaf temperature than Mediterranean natives. Environmental and Experimental Botany 71: 207-214.

Godoy, O.; Saldaña, A.; Fuentes, N.; Valladares, F. & Gianoli, E. Forests are not immune to plant invasions: phenotypic plasticity and local adaptation allow Prunella vulgaris to colonize a temperate evergreen rainforest. Biological Invasions 13:1615-1625.

Godoy, O.; Valladares, F. & Castro-Díez, P. Multispecies comparison reveals that invasive and native species differ in their traits but not in their plasticity. Functional Ecology 25: 1247-1259.

Matías, L.; Gómez-Aparicio, L.; Zamora, R. & Castro, J. Effects of resource availability on plant recruitment at the community level in a Mediterranean mountain ecosystem. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 13: 277-285.

Matías, L.; Zamora, R. & Castro, J. Repercussions of simulated climate change on the diversity of woody-recruit bank in a Mediterranean-type ecosystem. Ecosystems 14: 672-682.

Rodríguez-Calcerrada, J.; Pérez-Ramos, I.M.; Ourcival, J.M.; Limousin, J.M.; Joffre, R. & Rambal, S. Is selective thinning an adequate practice for adapting Quercus ilex coppices to climate change? Annals of Forest Science 68: 575-585.

Verdú, J.R.; Numa, C.; Lobo, J.M. & Pérez-Ramos, I.M. Acorn preference under field and laboratory conditions by two flightless Iberian dung beetle species (Thorectes baraudi and Jekelius nitidus): implications for recruitment and management of oak forests in central Spain. Ecological Entomology 36: 104-110.

Aponte, C.; García, L.V.; Marañón, T. & Gardes, M. Indirect host effect on ectomycorrhizal fungi: Leaf fall and litter quality explain changes in fungal communities on the roots of co-occurring Mediterranean oaks. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 42: 788-796.

Aponte, C.; Marañón, T. & García, L.V. Microbial C, N and P in soils of Mediterranean oak forests: influence of season, canopy cover and soil depth. Biogeochemistry 101: 77-92.

Godoy, O.; Castro-Díez, P.; Valladares, F.; Van Logtestinj, R. & Cornelissen, J.H.C. Leaf litter traits of invasive alien species slow down decomposition compared to Spanish natives: a broad phylogenetic comparison. Oecologia 162: 781-790.

Matías, L.; Zamora, R.; Mendoza, I. & Hódar, J.A. Seed dispersal pattern by large frugivorous mammals in a degraded mosaic landscape. Restoration Ecology 18: 619-627.

Pérez-Ramos, I.M.; Ourcival, J.M.; Limousin, J.M. & Rambal, S.  Mast seeding under increasing drought: results from a long-term data set and from a rainfall exclusion experiment. Ecology 91: 3057-3068.

Pérez-Ramos, I. M.; Gómez-Aparicio, L.; Villar, R.; Garcia, L. V. & Marañón, T.  Seedling growth and morphology of three oak species along field resource gradients and seed mass variation: a seedling-age dependent response. Journal of Vegetation Science 21: 419-437.

Díaz-Paniagua, C.; Fernández-Zamudio, R.; Florencio, M.; García-Murillo, P.; Gómez-Rodríguez, C.; Portheault, A.; Serrano, L. & Siljeström, P.A. Temporary ponds from the Doñana National Park: a system of natural habitats for the preservation of aquatic flora and fauna. Limnetica 29: 41-58.

Godoy, O.; Richardson, D.M.; Valladares, F. & Castro-Díez, P. Flowering phenology of invasive alien plant species compared with native species in three Mediterranean-type ecosystems. Annals of Botany 103: 485-494.

Godoy, O.; Castro-Díez, P.; Valladares, F. & Costa-Tenorio, M. Different flowering phenology of invasive alien species in Spain: an evidence for the use of an empty temporal niche?  Plant Biology 11: 803-811.

Gómez-Aparicio, L. The role of plant interactions in the restoration of degraded ecosystems: a meta-analysis across life-forms and ecosystems. Journal of Ecology 97: 1202-1214.

Gómez-Aparicio, L.; Zavala, M.A.; Bonet, F. &  Zamora, R. Are pine plantations valid tools for restoring Mediterranean forests? An assessment along gradients of climatic conditions, stand density and distance to seed sources. Ecological Applications 19: 2124-2141.

Maltez-Mouro, S.; García L.V. & Freitas, H. Influence of forest structure and environmental variables on recruit survival and performance of two Mediterranean tree species (Quercus faginea L. and Q. suber Lam.). European Journal of Forest Research 128: 27-36.

Matías, L.; Mendoza, I. & Zamora, R. Consistent pattern of habitat and species selection by post-dispersal seed predators in a Mediterranean mosaic landscape. Plant Ecology 203: 137-147.

Mendoza, I.; Gómez-Aparicio, L.; Zamora, R. & Matías, L. Recruitment limitation of forest communities in a degraded Mediterranean landscape. Journal of Vegetation Science 20: 367-376.

Pérez-Ramos, I.M. & Marañón, T. Effects of waterlogging on seed germination of three Mediterranean oak species: Ecological implications. Acta Oecologica 35: 422-428.

Siljeström, P.A.; Gutiérrez, E.; Díaz-Paniagua, C. & Cara, J.S. Presence of a fine-sediment discontinuity in soils of temporary ponds in Doñana National Park (SW Spain): Influence in their hydroperiod and evolution. En: Fraga I. Arguimbau, P. (ed). International Conference on Mediterranean Temporary Ponds. Proceedings & Abstracts. Recerca 14: 384-385.

Cornwell, W.K;  Godoy, O.; Westoby, M. et al. Plant species traits are the predominant control on litter decomposition rates within biomes worldwide. Ecology Letters 11: 1065-1071.

Díaz-Paniagua, C.; Fernández-Zamudio, R.; Florencio, M.; García-Murillo, P.; Gómez-Rodríguez, C.; Siljeström, P.A. & Serrano, L. The temporary ponds of Doñana: conservation value and present threats. EPCN Newsletter 1: 5-6.

Gómez-Aparicio, L. Spatial patterns of recruitment in a Mediterranean tree (Acer opalus subsp. granatense): linking the fate of seeds, seedlings, and saplings in heterogeneous landscapes at different scales. Journal of Ecology 96: 1128-1140.

Gómez-Aparicio, L.; Pérez-Ramos, I.M.; Mendoza, I.; Matías, L.; Quero, J.L.; Castro, J.; Zamora, R. & Marañón, T. Oak seedling survival and growth along resource gradients in Mediterranean forests: implications for regeneration in current and future environmental scenarios. Oikos 117: 1683-99.

Gómez-Aparicio, L.; Zamora, R.; Castro, J. & Hódar, J.A. Facilitation of tree saplings by nurse plants: microhabitat amelioration or protection against herbivores? Journal of Vegetation Science 19: 161-172.

Gómez-Aparicio, L. & Canham, C.D. Neighborhood models of the effects of invasive tree species on ecosystem processes. Ecological Monographs 78: 69-86.

Gómez-Aparicio, L. & Canham, C.D. Neighbourhood analyses of the allelophatic effects of the invasive tree Ailanthus altissima in temperate forests. Journal of Ecology 96: 446-458.

Gómez-Aparicio, L.; Canham, C.D. & Martin, P.H. Neighborhood models of the effects of the invasive Acer platanoides on tree seedling dynamics: linking impacts on communities and ecosystems. Journal of Ecology 96: 78-90.

Pérez-Ramos, I.M.; Urbieta, T.I.; Marañón, T.; Zavala, M.A. & Kobe, R.K. Seed removal in two coexisting oak species: ecological consequences of seed size, plant cover and seed-drop timing. Oikos 117: 1386–1396.

Pérez-Ramos, I.M.; Zavala, M.A.; Marañón, T.; Díaz-Villa, M.D. & Valladares, F. Dynamics of understorey herbaceous plant diversity following shrub clearing of cork oak forests: A five-year study. Forest Ecology and Management 255: 3242-3253.

Pérez-Ramos, I.M. & Marañón, T. Factors affecting post-dispersal seed predation in two coexisting oak species: Microhabitat, burial and exclusion of large herbivores. Forest Ecology and Management 255: 3506-3514.

Quero, J.L.; Gómez-Aparicio, L.; Zamora, R. & Maestre, F.T. Shifts in the regeneration niche of an endangered tree (Acer opalussubsp. granatense) during ontogeny: Using an ecological concept for application. Basic and Applied Ecology 9: 635-644.

Quilchano, C.; Marañón, T.; Pérez-Ramos, I.M.; Noejovich, L.; Valladares, F. & Zavala, M.A. Patterns and ecological consequences of abiotic heterogeneity in managed cork oak forests of Southern Spain. Ecological Research 23: 127-139.

Urbieta, I. R.; Pérez-Ramos, I.M.; Zavala, M.A.; Marañón, T. & Kobe, R.K. Soil water content and emergence time control seedling establishment in three co-occurring Mediterranean oak species. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 38: 2382-2393.

Gómez-Aparicio, L.; Gómez, J.M. & Zamora, R. (2007). Spatiotemporal patterns of seed dispersal in a wind-dispersed Mediterranean tree (Acer opalus subsp. granatense): implications for regeneration. Ecography  30: 13-22.

Maltez-Mouro, S.; García, L.V.; Freitas, H. & Marañón, T. (2007). Recruitment patterns in a Mediterranean oak forest: the importance of the spatial component. Forest Science 53: 645-652.

Pérez-Ramos, I.M.; Marañón, T.; Lobo, J.M. & Verdú, J.R. (2007). Acorn removal and dispersal by the dung beetle Thorectes lusitanicus: ecological implications. Ecological Entomology 32: 349-356.

Verdú, J.R.; Lobo, J.M.; Numa, C.; Pérez-Ramos, I.M.; Galante, E. & Marañón, T. (2007). Acorn preference by the dung beetle,Thorectes lusitanicus, under laboratory and field conditions. Animal Behaviour 74: 1697-1704.

García, L.V.; Maltez-Mouro, S.; Pérez-Ramos, I.M.; Marañón, T. & Freitas, H. (2006). Counteracting gradients of light and soil nutrients in the understorey of Mediterranean oak forests. Web Ecology 6: 67-74.

Gómez-Aparicio, L.; Valladares, F. & Zamora, R. (2006). Differential light responses of Mediterranean tree saplings: linking ecophysiology with regeneration niche in four co-occurring species. Tree Physiology 26: 947-958.

Gómez-Aparicio, L.; Zamora, R. & Gómez, J.M. (2005). The regeneration status of the endangered Acer opalus subsp. Granatense throughout its geographical distribution in the Iberian peninsula. Biological Conservation 21: 195-206.

Gómez-Aparicio, L.;  Valladares, F.; Zamora, R. & Quero, J.L. (2005). Response of tree seedlings to the abiotic heterogeneity generated by nurse shrubs: an experimental approach at different scales. Ecography 28: 757-768.

Gómez-Aparicio, L.; Gómez, J.M.; Zamora, R. & Bottinguer, J.L. (2005). Canopy vs. soil effects of shrubs facilitating tree seedlings in Mediterranean montane ecosystems. Journal of Vegetation Science 16: 191-198.

Gómez-Aparicio, L.; Gómez, J.M. & Zamora, R. (2005). Microhabitats shift rank in suitability for seedling establishment depending on habitat type and climate. Journal of Ecology 93: 1194-1202.

Maltez-Mouro, S.; García, L.V.; Marañón, T. & Freitas, H. (2005). The combined role of elevation and overstory tree composition in promoting edaphic and floristic variation in a Mediterranean forest. Ecological Research 20: 668-677.

Castro, J.; Zamora, R.; Gómez, J.M.; Hódar, J.A. & Gómez-Aparicio, L. (2004). Benefits of using shrubs as nurse plants for reforestation in Mediterranean mountains: a 4-year study. Restoration Ecology 12: 352-358.

García, L.V. (2004). Escaping the Bonferroni Iron claw in ecological studies. Oikos 105: 657-663.

Gómez-Aparicio, L.; Zamora, R.; Gómez, J.M.; Hódar, J.A.; Castro, J. & Baraza, E. (2004).  Applying plant facilitation to forest restoration in Mediterranean ecosystems: a meta-analysis of the use of shrubs as nurse plants. Ecological Applications 14: 1128-1138.

García L.V. (2003). Controlling the false discovery rate in ecological studies. Trends in Ecology and Evolution 18: 553-554.