Materia Orgánica en Suelos y Sedimentos (MOSS)

RESPICOND

El grupo MOSS representa un laboratorio de referencia internacional en Geoquímica Orgánica y el primer grupo español que abordó el estudio de la Química del Humus. Ha realizado considerables progresos en la caracterización molecular de las sustancias húmicas en suelos, aguas y sedimentos, así como en recursos fósiles orgánicos (turbas, carbones, querógenos, etc.) y residuos de interés agrícola (composts, humatos fertilizantes, biochar, etc.). Mantiene una estrategia de I+D+I aplicada y multidisciplinar, colaboraciones con grupos de investigación nacionales e internacionales y con el sector empresarial. Dispone de laboratorios de geoquímica orgánica con el equipamiento más avanzado para la caracterización de materiales orgánicos macromoleculares de estructura compleja (incluyendo: NMR en estado sólido, GC/MS, Pyr-GC/MS, HT/TC-IRMS, Pyr-GC-HT/TC-IRMS).

El objetivo principal del grupo MOSS es:

El estudio del impacto de factores ambientales en los ciclos biogeoquímicos del C y N, su implicación en la sostenibilidad de los ecosistemas, en el secuestro de C y N y en el cambio climático global.

Objetivos específicos:

1) Caracterización de la estructura molecular de la materia orgánica de suelos, sedimentos (recientes y fósiles) y residuos, orientada a la obtención de información medioambiental y al establecimiento de relaciones estructura-función.

2) Dinámica de la materia orgánica en suelos y sedimentos, implicaciones en los mecanismos de secuestro de carbono. Cantidad y calidad de las formas naturales recalcitrantes de C.

3) Caracterización, aplicaciones y efectos en el medio ambiente de materiales carbonosos altamente refractarios: «black carbon» y «biochar».

4) Identificación de marcadores moleculares (biomarcadores) subrogados al estado de salud y calidad de suelos y sedimentos; impactos medioambientales (incendios forestales), fenómenos de contaminación (vertidos orgánicos) y reconstrucciones paleoambientales.

MOSS

Grupo MOSS

QCMOSS

Contacta con MOSS

Componentes:

Investigadores:

Francisco Javier González-Vila, Profesor de Investigación

Heike Knicker, Profesor de Investigación

José A. González-Pérez, Científico Titular

José María de la Rosa Arranz, Contratado Doctor (Programa Ramón y Cajal)

Estudiantes y técnicos:

Marina Paneque Carmona, Doctorando (Becario FPU)

Alba Carmona Navarro (Técnico de Laboratorio)

Desiré Monis (Técnico de Laboratorio)

 

Estudiantes visitantes:

Otávio dos Anjos Leal. Doctorando con cargo a proyecto Hispano-Brasileño (Univ. Federal de Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brasil). Sep 2013-Ago 2014
Amira Askri (AgroParisTech- INRA-Versailles Grignon, Francia) Nov 2013-Feb 2014
Silvia Regina Faria (Univ. Aveiro, Portugal) May 2013-May 2014
Mónica Antilén (Pontificia Univ. Católica de Chile) Oct-Nov 2013
Graciele Srante Santana (Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil) Jun 2012-Abr 2013
Pía V. Larrondo Loyola (Pontificia Univ. Católica de Valparaiso, Chile) Ene 2013
Natalia Rodríguez Eugenio (Univ. de la Laguna) Nov 2012-Feb 2013
Lorena Recio Vázquez (Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales-CSIC) Ago-Nov 2012
Marta Álvarez Romero (Univ. Degli Studi di Napoli, Italia) Oct 2011-Sep 2012
Javier Martínez Aznar (Universidad de Zaragoza, España) Feb 2012
Alejadra Galetta (Univ. de la Reopública, Montevideo, Uruguay) Oct 2011-Nov 2011

Publicaciones recientes del Grupo MOSS:

2014

Badia, D; Marti, C; Aguirre, AJ; Aznar, JM; Gonzalez-Perez, JA; De la Rosa, JM; Leon, J; Ibarra, P; Echeverria, T (2014) Wildfire effects on nutrients and organic carbon of a Rendzic Phaeozem in NE Spain: Changes at cm-scale topsoil. CATENA 113: 267-275
DOI: 10.1016/j.catena.2013.08.002

Badia, D; Gonzalez-Perez, JA; Aznar, JM; Arjona, B; Marti, C (2014) Changes in water repellency, aggregation and organic matter of a mollic horizon burned in laboratory: soil depth affected by fire. GEODERMA 213: 400-407
DOI: 10.1016/j.geoderma.2013.08.038

Aznar, JM; Gonzalez-Perez, J.A; Badia, D; Marti, C. (2014) At what depth are the properties of gypseous forest soil affected by fire? LAND DEGRADATION AND DEVELOPMENT (Published on-line first)
DOI: 10.1002/ldr.2258

2013

De la Rosa, JM; Gonzalez-Perez, JA; Gonzalez-Vila, FJ; Knicker, H (2013) Medium term effects of fire induced soil organic matter alterations on Andosols under Canarian pine (Pinus canariensis). JOURNAL OF ANALYTICAL AND APPLIED PYROLYSIS 104: 269-279
DOI: 10.1016/j.jaap.2013.07.006

Lozano, E; Jimenez-Pinilla, P; Mataix-Solera, J; Arcenegui, V; Barcenas, GM; Gonzalez-Perez, JA; Garcia-Orenes, F; Torres, MP; Mataix-Beneyto, J (2013) Biological and chemical factors controlling the patchy distribution of soil water repellency among plant species in a Mediterranean semiarid forest. GEODERMA 207: 212-220
DOI: 10.1016/j.geoderma.2013.05.021

Panettieri, M; Knicker, H; Berns, AE; Murillo, JM; Madejon, E (2013) Moldboard plowing effects on soil aggregation and soil organic matter quality assessed by C-13 CPMAS NMR and biochemical analyses. AGRICULTURE ECOSYSTEMS & ENVIRONMENT 177: 48-57
DOI: 10.1016/j.agee.2013.05.025

Elberling, B; Breuning-Madsen, H; Knicker, H (2013) Carbon sequestration in iron-nodules in moist semi-deciduous tropical forest soil. GEODERMA 200: 202-207
DOI: 10.1016/j.geoderma.2013.03.001

De la Rosa, JM; Liebner, F; Pour, G; Knicker, H (2013) Partitioning of N in growing plants, microbial biomass and soil organic matter after amendment of N-ammonoxidized lignins. SOIL BIOLOGY & BIOCHEMISTRY 60: 125-133
DOI: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2013.01.024

Knicker, H; Hilscher, A; de la Rosa, JM; Gonzalez-Perez, JA; Gonzalez-Vila, FJ (2013) Modification of biomarkers in pyrogenic organic matter during the initial phase of charcoal biodegradation in soils GEODERMA 197: 43-50
DOI: 10.1016/j.geoderma.2012.12.021

Jandl, G; Eckhardt, KU; Bargmann, I; Kucke, M; Greef, JM; Knicker, H; Leinweber, P (2013) Hydrothermal Carbonization of Biomass Residues: Mass Spectrometric Characterization for Ecological Effects in the Soil-Plant System. JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY 42: 199-207
DOI: 10.2134/jeq2012.0155

Knicker, H; Gonzalez-Vila, FJ; Gonzalez-Vazquez, R (2013) Biodegradability of organic matter in fire-affected mineral soils of Southern Spain. SOIL BIOLOGY & BIOCHEMISTRY 56: 31-39
DOI: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2012.02.021

2012

De la Rosa, JM; Faria, SR; Varela, ME; Knicker, H; Gonzalez-Vila, FJ; Gonzalez-Perez, JA; Keizer, J (2013) Characterization of wildfire effects on soil organic matter using analytical pyrolysis. GEODERMA 191: 24-30
DOI: 10.1016/j.geoderma.2012.01.032

De la Rosa, JM; Araujo, MF; Gonzalez-Perez, JA; Gonzalez-Vila, FJ; Soares, AM; Martins, JM; Leorri, E; Corbett, R; Fatela, F (2012) Organic matter sources for tidal marsh sediment over the past two millennia in the Minho River estuary (NW Iberian Peninsula) ORGANIC GEOCHEMISTRY 53: 16-24
DOI: 10.1016/j.orggeochem.2012.06.014

Gonzalez-Perez, JA; Chabbi, A; de la Rosa, JM; Rumpel, C; Gonzalez-Vila, FJ (2012) Evolution of organic matter in lignite-containing sediments revealed by analytical pyrolysis (Py-GC-MS). ORGANIC GEOCHEMISTRY 53: 119-130
DOI: 10.1016/j.orggeochem.2012.08.001

Alexis, MA; Rasse, DP; Knicker, H; Anquetil, C; Rumpel, C (2012) Evolution of soil organic matter after prescribed fire: A 20-year chronosequence. GEODERMA 189: 98-107
DOI: 10.1016/j.geoderma.2012.05.003

Hernandez, Z; Almendros, G; Carral, P; Alvarez, A; Knicker, H; Perez-Trujillo, JP (2012) Influence of non-crystalline minerals in the total amount, resilience and molecular composition of the organic matter in volcanic ash soils (Tenerife Island, Spain). EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF SOIL SCIENCE 63: 603-615
DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2389.2012.01497.x

Knicker, H; Nikolova, R; Dick, DP; Dalmolin, RSD (2012) Alteration of quality and stability of organic matter in grassland soils of Southern Brazil highlands after ceasing biannual burning. GEODERMA 181: 11-21
DOI: 10.1016/j.geoderma.2012.03.001

Rivas, Y; Matus, F; Rumpel, C; Knicker, H; Garrido, E (2012) Black carbon contribution in volcanic soils affected by wildfire or stubble burning. ORGANIC GEOCHEMISTRY 47: 41-50
DOI: 10.1016/j.orggeochem.2012.03.007

Rumpel, C; Rodriguez-Rodriguez, A; Gonzalez-Perez, JA; Arbelo, C; Chabbi, A; Nunan, N; Gonzalez-Vila, FJ (2012) Contrasting composition of free and mineral-bound organic matter in top- and subsoil horizons of Andosols. BIOLOGY AND FERTILITY OF SOILS 48: 401-411
DOI: 10.1007/s00374-011-0635-4

Rivas, Y; Huygens, D; Knicker, H; Godoy, R; Matus, F; Boeckx, P (2012) Soil nitrogen dynamics three years after a severe Araucaria-Nothofagus forest fire. AUSTRAL ECOLOGY 37: 153-163
DOI: 10.1111/j.1442-9993.2011.02258.x

Pardo, MT; Almendros, G; Zancada, MC; Lopez-Fando, C; Gonzalez-Vila, FJ (2012) Cultivation-Induced Effects on the Organic Matter in Degraded Southern African Soils
Source: COMMUNICATIONS IN SOIL SCIENCE AND PLANT ANALYSIS 43: 541-555
DOI: 10.1080/00103624.2012.639428

2011

Gonzalez-Perez, JA; Gonzalez-Vila, FJ; Arias, ME; Rodriguez, J; de la Rosa, JM; Maranon, T; Clemente, L (2011) Geochemical and ecological significance of soil lipids under Rhododendron ponticum stands. ENVIRONMENTAL CHEMISTRY LETTERS 9: 453-464

de la Rosa, JM; Knicker, H (2011) Bioavailability of N released from N-rich pyrogenic organic matter: An incubation study. SOIL BIOLOGY & BIOCHEMISTRY 43 2368-2373
DOI: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2011.08.008

Certini, G; Nocentini, C; Knicker, H; Arfaioli, P; Rumpel, C (2011) Wildfire effects on soil organic matter quantity and quality in two fire-prone Mediterranean pine forests. GEODERMA 167-168: 148-155
DOI: 10.1016/j.geoderma.2011.09.005

Knicker, H (2011) Pyrogenic organic matter in soil: Its origin and occurrence, its chemistry and survival in soil environments. QUATERNARY INTERNATIONAL 243: 251-263
DOI: 10.1016/j.quaint.2011.02.037

de la Rosa, JM; Garcia, LS; de Andres, JR; Gonzalez-Vila, FJ; Gonzalez-Perez, JA; Knicker, H (2011) Contribution of black carbon in recent sediments of the Gulf of Cadiz: Applicability of different quantification methodologies. QUATERNARY INTERNATIONAL 243: 264-272
DOI: 10.1016/j.quaint.2011.01.034

Knicker, H (2011) Solid state CPMAS C-13 and N-15 NMR spectroscopy in organic geochemistry and how spin dynamics can either aggravate or improve spectra interpretation. ORGANIC GEOCHEMISTRY 42: 867-890
DOI: 10.1016/j.orggeochem.2011.06.019

Aranda, V; Ayora-Canada, MJ; Dominguez-Vidal, A; Martin-Garcia JM; Calero, J; Delgado, R; Verdejo, T; Gonzalez-Vila, FJ (2011) Effect of soil type and management (organic vs. conventional) on soil organic matter quality in olive groves in a semi-arid environment in Sierra Magina Natural Park (S Spain). GEODERMA 164: 54-63
DOI: 10.1016/j.geoderma.2011.05.010

Rodriguez-Murillo, JC; Almendros, G; Knicker, H (2011) Wetland soil organic matter composition in a Mediterranean semiarid wetland (Las Tablas de Daimiel, Central Spain): Insight into different carbon sequestration pathways. ORGANIC GEOCHEMISTRY 42: 762-773
DOI: 10.1016/j.orggeochem.2011.05.007

de la Rosa, JM; Gonzalez-Perez; Gonzalez-Vila, FJ; Knicker, H; Araujo, MF (2011) Molecular composition of sedimentary humic acids from South West Iberian Peninsula: A multi-proxy approach. ORGANIC GEOCHEMISTRY 42: 791-802
DOI: 10.1016/j.orggeochem.2011.05.004

Bosshard, C; Oberson, A; Leinweber, P; Jandl, G; Knicker, H; Wettstein, HR; Kreuzer, M; Frossard, E (2011) Characterization of fecal nitrogen forms produced by a sheep fed with N-15 labeled ryegrass NUTRIENT CYCLING IN AGROECOSYSTEMS 90: 355-368
DOI: 10.1007/s10705-011-9437-1

Knicker, H (2011) Soil organic N – An under-rated player for C sequestration in soils? SOIL BIOLOGY & BIOCHEMISTRY 43: 1118-1129
DOI: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2011.02.020

Filimonova, S; Nossov, A; Dumig, A; Gedeon, A; Kogel-Knabner, I; Knicker, H (2011) Evaluating pore structures of soil components with a combination of «conventional» and hyperpolarised Xe-129 NMR studies. GEODERMA 162: 96-106
DOI: 10.1016/j.geoderma.2011.01.009

Gardenas, AI; Agren, GI; Bird, JA ; Clarholm, M; Hallin, S; Ineson, P; Katterer, T; Knicker, H; Nilsson, SI; Nasholm, T; Ogle, S; Paustian, K; Persson, T; Stendahl, J (2011) Knowledge gaps in soil carbon and nitrogen interactions – From molecular to global scale. SOIL BIOLOGY & BIOCHEMISTRY 43: 702-717
DOI: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2010.04.006

Hilscher, A; Knicker, H (2011) Carbon and nitrogen degradation on molecular scale of grass-derived pyrogenic organic material during 28 months of incubation in soil. SOIL BIOLOGY & BIOCHEMISTRY 43: 261-270
DOI: 10.1016/j.soilbio.2010.10.007

Eusterhues, K; Rennert, T; Knicker, H; Kogel-Knabner, I; Totsche, KU; Schwertmann, U (2011) Fractionation of Organic Matter Due to Reaction with Ferrihydrite: Coprecipitation versus Adsorption. ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE & TECHNOLOGY 45: 527-533
DOI: 10.1021/es1023898

Hilscher, A; Knicker, H (2011) Degradation of grass-derived pyrogenic organic material, transport of the residues within a soil column and distribution in soil organic matter fractions during a 28 month microcosm experiment ORGANIC GEOCHEMISTRY 42: 42-54
DOI: 10.1016/j.orggeochem.2010.10.005

Liebner, F; Pour, G; Arranz, JMD; Hilscher, A; Rosenau, T; Knicker, H (2011) Ammonoxidised Lignins as Slow Nitrogen-Releasing Soil Amendments and CO2-Binding Matrix. ANGEWANDTE CHEMIE-INTERNATIONAL EDITION 50: A34-A39

Dick, DP; Leite, SB; Dalmolin, RSD, Ricardo S; Almeida, HC; Knicker, H (2011) Pinus afforestation in South Brazilian highlands: soil chemical attributes and organic matter composition. SCIENTIA AGRICOLA 68: 175-181

de Assis, CP; Gonzalez-Vila, FJ; Jucksch, I; Gonzalez-Perez, JA; Neves, JCL; Lani, JL; Mendonca, ED (2011) Lipid abundance and composition of a humic Oxisol as a function of land use. SCIENTIA AGRICOLA 68: 230-236

2010

Knicker, H (2010) «Black nitrogen» – an important fraction in determining the recalcitrance of charcoal. ORGANIC GEOCHEMISTRY 41: 947-950
DOI: 10.1016/j.orggeochem.2010.04.007

Fuentes, M; Baigorri, R; Gonzalez-Vila, FJ; Gonzalez-Gaitano, G; Garcia-Mina, JM (2010) Pyrolysis-Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectrometry Identification of Distinctive Structures Providing Humic Character to Organic Materials. JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY 39: 1486-1497
DOI: 10.2134/jeq2009.0180

Nocentini, C; Certini, G; Knicker, H; Francioso, O; Rumpel, C (2010) Nature and reactivity of charcoal produced and added to soil during wildfire are particle-size dependent. ORGANIC GEOCHEMISTRY 41: 682-689
DOI: 10.1016/j.orggeochem.2010.03.010

Alexis, MA; Rumpel, C; Knicker, H; Leifeld, J; Rasse, D; Pechot, N; Bardoux, G; Mariotti, A (2010) Thermal alteration of organic matter during a shrubland fire: A field study. ORGANIC GEOCHEMISTRY 41: 690-697
DOI: 10.1016/j.orggeochem.2010.03.003

Kristiansen, SM; Dalsgaard, K; Thomsen, IK; Knicker, H; Laubel, A; Schneider, D; Odgaard, BV (2010) Genesis of Spodic Material underneath Peat Bogs in a Danish Wetland. SOIL SCIENCE SOCIETY OF AMERICA JOURNAL 74: 1284-1292
DOI: 10.2136/sssaj2009.0050

Heckman, K; Rasmussen, C; Knicker, H (2010) The enigmatic «occluded» C fraction
Source: GEOCHIMICA ET COSMOCHIMICA ACTA 74: A394-A394. Supplement: 1

Arias, ME; Rodriguez, J; Perez, MI; Hernandez, M; Polvillo, O; Gonzalez-Perez, JA; Gonzalez-Vila, F (2010) Analysis of chemical changes in Picea abies wood decayed by different Streptomyces strains showing evidence for biopulping procedures. WOOD SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY 44: 179-188
DOI: 10.1007/s00226-009-0282-1

Strebel, D; Elberling, B; Morgner, E; Knicker, HE; Cooper, EJ (2010) Cold-season soil respiration in response to grazing and warming in High-Arctic Svalbard. POLAR RESEARCH 29: 46-57
DOI: 10.1111/j.1751-8369.2010.00154.x

Buena, AP; Almendros, G; Gonzalez-Vila, FJ; Gonzalez-Perez, JA; Knicker, H (2010) CHEMISTRY AND ECOLOGY 26: 361-370
DOI: 10.1080/02757540.2010.504665

Dick, DP; Martinazzo, R; Knicker, H; Almeida, PSG (2010) Organic matter in four Brazilian soil types: chemical composition and atrazine sorption. QUIMICA NOVA 33: 14-19
DOI: 10.1590/S0100-40422010000100003

Potes, MD; Dick, DP; Dalmolin, RSD; Knicker, H; da Rosa, AS (2010) Soil organic matter in highland leptosols: influence of pasture management on composition and content. REVISTA BRASILEIRA DE CIENCIA DO SOLO 34: 23-32

Baigorri, R; Fuentes, M; Gonzalez-Vila, FJ; Garcia-Mina, JM (2010) Singular Structural Features on Humic Fractions in Solution: Statistical Analysis of Diverse Analytical Techniques Spectra. SOIL SCIENCE SOCIETY OF AMERICA JOURNAL 74: 74-86
DOI: 10.2136/sssaj2009.0212

Proyectos recientes de ámbito Internacional:

Proyectos recientes de ámbito Nacional:

Proyectos y colaboraciones con empresas:

Organización de eventos científicos:
22nd IMOG 2005, Sevilla
26th IMOG 2013, Tenerife
PYR08 2008, Lanzarote
15 IHSS 2010, Tenerife

Representacion del Grupo MOSS en Organizaciones Científicas:
EAOG
IHSS